cron basic

To view specif user cron jobs : contrab -l

To edit users cron : crontab -e [before that export EDITOR=vi]

Location of users cron file: /var/spool/cron/crontrabs

System wide cron scheduler : /etc/crontab

Syntax

min hr dom month dow cmd [user specific]

min hr dom month dow user cmd [global configuration]

Special note

to run every 5minutes

*/5 – in linux

0-59/5 in solaris

Few scenario –

Schedule a Job For More Than One Instance (e.g. Twice a Day)
The following script take a incremental backup twice(11,16) a day every day.

00 11,16 * * * /home/ramesh/bin/incremental-backup

Schedule a Job for Specific Range of Time (e.g. Only on Weekdays)

If you wanted a job to be scheduled for every hour with in a specific range of time then use the following.
Cron Job everyday during working hours

This example checks the status of the database everyday (including weekends) during the working hours 9 a.m – 6 p.m

00 09-18 * * * /home/ramesh/bin/check-db-status

Cron Job everyday during working hours and every 30 minutes within specified hours

0,30 09-18 * * * /home/ramesh/bin/check-db-status

Cron Job every weekday during working hours

This example checks the status of the database every weekday (i.e excluding Sat and Sun) during the working hours 9 a.m – 6 p.m.

00 09-18 * * 1-5 /home/ramesh/bin/check-db-status

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